Once you’ve got all of the equipment you need to begin breeding guppies, the fun begins!
Choosing your first adult guppies for the beginning of your line is a process that can take some time.
A vital part of breeding guppies is selecting good quality founding fish,
This ensures that your eventual guppy lines are healthy, appealing, and possess desirable traits.
It is normal to start with three guppies as your breeding adults: two females and one male.
In this article, we will guide you through the breeding process from selecting adults to raising the fry.
but fist of all Is it hard to breed guppies? Can guppies self reproduce?
In terms of breeding guppies, or nearly any livebearer, it’s fairly easy task and you don’t need to be an expert in it.
They are hardy subtropical fish and can easily survive any tank conditions with some basic prerequisites.
When you put a female and male together they will start mating and giving birth for consecutive months around the year.
- Step One: Choosing your founding adult guppies
- How do I breed guppies? Basics Of Breeding Show Guppies
- Step Two: Breeding guppies in the main tank
- Step Three: Recognizing Conception
- Step Four: The Waiting Time
- Step Five: Moving Female guppies to a breeding tank
- Step Six: Labor and Delivery
- Step Seven: The fry is here!
- There we go
Step One: Choosing your founding adult guppies
You can just pop along to a pet store or aquarium retailer and select attractive-looking guppy fish.
But if you intend to take breeding guppies seriously, consider buying your founding stock from a professional breeder
or show breeder, as they will often be able to offer a better range of options.
How do I breed guppies? Basics Of Breeding Show Guppies
Look for fish that are mature and healthy, and that display the traits that you wish to produce or enhance.
Select for shape, color, and pattern, and the traits that you find physically appealing,
but don’t forget to make sure that the fish that you pick has good conformation,
and does not have any curvature of the spine or flattening of the heads, which can indicate poor quality stock.
do try to pick females that are the most physically appealing of those on offer,
as the quality of the female fish will affect the subsequent males too!
When you spot the fish that you want to own, you will normally know it straight away!
Step Two: Breeding guppies in the main tank
Place two females and one male into the large tank, and let them get on with things!
Guppies generally breed quickly and prolifically, although they may need some time to settle down in a new tank.
It is not unusual for healthy breeding-age guppies to breed within 24 hours of introduction!
When the females and males are together, provide highly nutritious food to encourage breeding,
and keep the tank temperature at around 25-26 degrees Celsius.
Step Three: Recognizing Conception
It is easy to spot when a female guppy has conceived, with visual identification.
as she has an area on the abdomen just above the fin that is known as the “gravid spot.”
This is where her eggs are situated, and after fertilization, this area becomes noticeably darker.
Step Four: The Waiting Time
The period of gestation of the guppy is between 26-31 days, with the average being 28 days from fertilization.
During this time, the stomach will grow larger and darker and take on a boxy rather than round appearance.
If female guppies keep still by looking closely, you can even spot the fry within the abdomen!
Step Five: Moving Female guppies to a breeding tank
Once the time of delivery comes nearer, you will need to move each of your females into their own breeding tank,
so that you will be able to identify which fry is produced by which female.
Step Six: Labor and Delivery
If you intend to use a breeding trap or partition off tank for delivery, put this into place as the time to give birth grows nearer.
We recommend using a standard Fish Breeding Box, Acrylic Fish Isolation Box with Suction Cups, Aquarium Acclimation Hatchery Incubator for Baby Fish and Guppy.
You can usually judge when the time is at hand, as the female guppy will become much less active and tend to hide,
and you may even observe the contractions, which appear like a shivering movement through the body.
She may also like to stay around the tank heater, and stop eating in the hours immediately leading up to the birth.
You may want to check out this video of a guppy giving birth!
Step Seven: The fry is here!
The time it takes to deliver the fry can vary, as will the amount of fry produced.
Anything from 5 to 50 live young is normal, although not all of these will necessarily make it to maturity.
After the fry has been born, it is important to allow them every chance to survive,
by providing plenty of foliage and cover in the tank to keep the female guppy from eating them.
You can also protect the fry by placing the female guppy back into your main tank after the birth,
although she may become pregnant again in short order or within next few hours.
You can also partition off your breeding tank to keep the fry safe until they grow too large to be eaten by other fish,
or make provision of plenty of plants and decors that provides hiding places for the fry.
There we go
I hope that you have learnt quiet the basics of guppy breeding and to take care of them when they are in process.
Why not read an article about How do you set up a breeding tank for guppies?
And an article about the community breeding of guppies and other ways you can breed guppies?
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